Journal Article

Female-to-Female Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Helena A. Kwakwa and M. W. Ghobrial

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 36, issue 3, pages e40-e41
Published in print February 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/345462
Female-to-Female Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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We describe a case of female-to-female transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A 20-year-old African American woman with no obvious risk factors received a diagnosis of HIV infection, and the genotype of the infecting strain closely matched that of the strain infecting her openly bisexual female partner. The route of transmission was probably use of sex toys, used vigorously enough to cause exchange of blood-tinged body fluids.

Journal Article.  936 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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