Journal Article

Pneumonitis Associated with <i>Ureaplasma urealyticum</i> in Children with Cancer

Steven C. Buckingham, Dennis T. Crouse, Katherine M. Knapp and Christian C. Patrick

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 36, issue 2, pages 225-228
Published in print January 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online January 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/345667
Pneumonitis Associated with Ureaplasma urealyticum in Children with Cancer

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We describe 3 pediatric patients with cancer who had clinical and radiographic evidence of pneumonitis and for whom cultures of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid specimens yielded Ureaplasma urealyticum. Two of the patients died; for the surviving patient, clinical improvement coincided temporally with administration of erythromycin. Immunocompromised patients with pneumonitis of unclear etiology should have respiratory secretions cultured for mycoplasmas and should receive empiric therapy that includes a macrolide antibiotic.

Journal Article.  2889 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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