Journal Article

Influence of Coinfection with Hepatitis C Virus on Morbidity and Mortality Due to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in the Era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

Ellen M. Tedaldi, Rose K. Baker, Anne C. Moorman, Carlos F. Alzola, Jack Furhrer, Robert E. McCabe, Kathleen C. Wood and Scott D. Holmberg

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 36, issue 3, pages 363-367
Published in print February 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/345953
Influence of Coinfection with Hepatitis C Virus on Morbidity and Mortality Due to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in the Era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

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To ascertain the impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression and associated death in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), we examined mortality rates, the presence of other diseases, and antiretroviral use in an observational cohort of 823 HIV-infected patients with and without HCV coinfection during the period of January 1996 through June 2001. Analyses were used to compare patient characteristics, comorbid conditions, and survival durations in HIV-infected and HIV-HCV-coinfected patients. HIV-HCV-coinfected persons did not have a statistically greater rate of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or of renal or cardiovascular disease, but they did have more cases of cirrhosis and transaminase elevations. There were proportionately more deaths in the HIV-HCV-coinfected group. Age, baseline CD4+ cell count, and duration of HAART were significantly associated with survival, but HCV infection was not. HAART use was a strong predictor of increased duration of survival, suggesting that treatment is more important to survival than is HCV coinfection status.

Journal Article.  3337 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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