Journal Article

Prognostic Factors in Severe Exacerbation of Chronic Hepatitis B

Man-Fung Yuen, Erwin Sablon, Chee-Kin Hui, Tak-Ming Li, He-Jun Yuan, Danny Ka-Ho Wong, Joke Doutreloigne, Veerle Bogaerts, Benjamin Chun-Yu Wong, Sheung-Tat Fan and Ching-Lung Lai

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 36, issue 8, pages 979-984
Published in print April 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online April 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/374226
Prognostic Factors in Severe Exacerbation of Chronic Hepatitis B

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Forty-seven patients with severe hepatitis B exacerbation were compared with patients who had mild exacerbation (n = 96) or no exacerbation (n = 96). Seventeen patients (36.2%) died or underwent liver transplantation. Preexisting cirrhosis and a prothrombin time (PT) of >30 s were associated with adverse outcome in 60.9% and 87.5% of patients, respectively. The rate of adverse outcome increased to 92.3% when albumin levels of ⩽35 g/L and bilirubin levels of >200 μM were present. Other factors associated with adverse outcomes included peak bilirubin level, peak PT, time to reach peak PT, and the presence of encephalopathy and/or ascites. There was no difference in the frequency of precore mutations in patients with severe or mild exacerbation or without exacerbation. A significantly lower prevalence of core promoter mutants was found in patients with severe exacerbation (50%), compared with those who had mild exacerbation (81.3%; P = .004). Patients with severe exacerbation of hepatitis B with poor prognostic factors should be considered for early liver transplantation.

Journal Article.  3805 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.