Journal Article

Winter Respiratory Viruses and Health Care Use: A Population-Based Study in the Northwest United States

Kathleen M. Neuzil, Charles Maynard, Marie R. Griffin and Patrick Heagerty

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue 2, pages 201-207
Published in print July 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online July 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/375604
Winter Respiratory Viruses and Health Care Use: A Population-Based Study in the Northwest United States

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

To quantify health care use among adults during influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) seasons, we identified a cohort of veterans aged ⩾18 years who used Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities in Oregon and Washington states as their source of health care. During 1998–2000, veterans accrued 237,159 person-years of follow-up. Using VA data sources, we measured acute cardiopulmonary hospitalizations and primary care and urgent care visits. Differences between rates of study events when influenza and/or RSV were circulating and event rates when neither virus was circulating were used to calculate winter virus-attributable morbidity. Inpatient and outpatient event rates were consistently higher during winter virus season, compared with non-winter virus season. Annual rates of cardiopulmonary hospitalizations attributable to influenza or RSV infection ranged from 0.8 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.1–1.5) per 1000 low-risk individuals aged 18–49 years, to 10.6 (95% CI, 7.5–13.6) per 1000 high-risk individuals aged ⩾65 years. Each year, circulation of influenza and RSV coincide with predictable increases in medical care use.

Journal Article.  4153 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.