Journal Article

Effect of Dietary Intake and Protease Inhibitors on Serum Vitamin B12 Levels in a Cohort of Human Immunodeficiency Virus—Positive Patients

Margo N. Woods, Alice M. Tang, Janet Forrester, Clara Jones, Kristy Hendricks, Bei Ding and Tamsin A. Knox

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue Supplement_2, pages S124-S131
Published in print September 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online September 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/375893
Effect of Dietary Intake and Protease Inhibitors on Serum Vitamin B12 Levels in a Cohort of Human Immunodeficiency Virus—Positive Patients

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The dietary intake of micronutrients and serum micronutrient status have been topics of concern in relation to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) progression. Most data, however, were collected prior to the introduction of protease inhibitors (PIs). We analyzed dietary intake and serum values of vitamin B12, including the effect of PIs, in a cohort of persons with HIV infection. During intervals with no PI use, each 1 μg/day increase in B12 intake was associated with a 1.06 pg/mL increase in serum B12 levels. However, during intervals with PI use, each 1 μg/day increase in intake was associated with only a 0.12 increase in serum B12 levels. Adequate serum B12 levels (>350 pg/mL) cannot be assumed even in the presence of PIs, and dietary supplementation may not be adequate to significantly increase serum B12 levels. Serum B12 levels should be determined yearly in persons with HIV infection, regardless of whether they are receiving PI treatment.

Journal Article.  5226 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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