Journal Article

Association of Hepatitis C Virus Infection with Sexual Exposure in Southern India

Melissa A. Marx, K. G. Murugavel, Patrick M. Tarwater, A. K. SriKrishnan, David L. Thomas, Suniti Solomon and David D. Celentano

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue 4, pages 514-520
Published in print August 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/376639
Association of Hepatitis C Virus Infection with Sexual Exposure in Southern India

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To determine the association between sexual exposure and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in urban Chennai, India, a random sample of adults who live in a slum community completed interviews and provided samples to test for HCV, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). All analyses excluded recent and current injection drug users. HCV infection was not associated with the reported number of sex partners for men or women. Women were more likely to be HCV infected if they reported previous genital ulcer disease (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.88; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.94–16.0; marginally statistically significant). Men were more likely to be HCV infected if they were HSV-2 infected (AOR, 3.85; 95% CI, 1.18–12.6) or reported having had sex with men (AOR, 3.61; 95% CI, 1.00–13.1). Sexual transmission of HCV infection may be facilitated by ulcerative STIs and male-male sexual practices, but it appears to occur infrequently in this population.

Journal Article.  4714 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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