Journal Article

Bloodborne and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Drug Abusers in the United States, Latin America, the Caribbean, and Spain

Jag H. Khalsa, Henry Francis and Rafael Mazin

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue Supplement_5, pages S331-S337
Published in print December 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online December 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/377543
Bloodborne and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Drug Abusers in the United States, Latin America, the Caribbean, and Spain

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In the United States, ∼1 million Americans are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and several thousand new infections are reported each year. More than one-third of cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are associated with injection drug use. An estimated 1.8 million adults and children are currently living with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean, and injection drug abuse remains a major factor in initial exposures to HIV in these parts of the world. Although only 3 cases of AIDS related to drug abuse have been reported in Bolivia, a country with a nascent epidemic, >19,000 cases of AIDS have been reported in Argentina and >22,000 in Brazil, with a significant number associated with injection drug use. Extensive epidemiological and clinical research has been conducted in the United States and elsewhere to determine the extent and nature of the problem and to design and develop interventions (prevention and treatment) for drug abusers infected with HIV. The articles in this supplement present a current view of the nature and extent of the bloodborne and sexually transmitted infections in drug abusers and their partners in the Western Hemisphere.

Journal Article.  5053 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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