Journal Article

Effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on the Incidence and Clinical Manifestations of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Human Immunodeficiency Virus—Infected Patients

M. J. Fernández Cotarelo, J. Abellán Martínez, J. M. Guerra Vales, P. Martínez Sánchez, M. Rodrigo Gómez de la Bárcena and E. Salto Fernández

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue 7, pages 973-977
Published in print October 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online October 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/377607
Effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on the Incidence and Clinical Manifestations of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Human Immunodeficiency Virus—Infected Patients

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This study analyzes the effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on visceral leishmaniasis in human immunodeficiency virus—infected individuals. We describe 66 episodes diagnosed in our hospital from 1994 through 2000 (35 episodes in patients who were not receiving HAART and 31 episodes in patients who were receiving HAART). Since HAART became available, the incidence of visceral leishmaniasis has significantly decreased and the number of first episodes has decreased, although the number of relapses is increasing.

Journal Article.  2627 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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