Journal Article

West Nile Encephalitis in 2 Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: Case Series and Literature Review

David S. Hong, Kalen L. Jacobson, Issam I. Raad, Marcos de Lima, Paolo Anderlini, Gregory N. Fuller, Cindy Ippoliti, Rita M. Cool, Norman E. Leeds, Aida Narvios, Xiang Y. Han, Anthony Padula, Richard E. Champlin and Chitra Hosing

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue 8, pages 1044-1049
Published in print October 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online October 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/378278
West Nile Encephalitis in 2 Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients: Case Series and Literature Review

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Most human cases of West Nile virus infection are acquired via bites from an infected mosquito. In some cases, infection may also be transmitted by infected blood products or transplanted organs. There have been recent publications suggesting that chemotherapy and immunosuppression may increase a person's risks of developing central nervous system disease if the person is infected with the West Nile virus. Because patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation not only are immunocompromised, but also receive multiple blood products, they are at a particularly high risk for acquiring symptomatic disease if exposed to the West Nile Virus. We describe here 2 patients who underwent hematopoietic transplantation at our institution and subsequently developed fatal West Nile virus infections.

Journal Article.  3587 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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