Journal Article

Danish Bacille Calmette-Guérin Vaccine-Induced Disease in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Children

A. C. Hesseling, H. S. Schaaf, W. A. Hanekom, N. Beyers, M. F. Cotton, R. P. Gie, B. J. Marais, P. van Helden and R. M. Warren

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue 9, pages 1226-1233
Published in print November 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/378298
Danish Bacille Calmette-Guérin Vaccine-Induced Disease in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Children

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

An analysis of isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex was performed to determine the prevalence of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) disease among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children. Speciation was done with polymerase chain reaction; 183 isolates from mycobacterial cultures for 49 HIV-infected patients were analyzed. The Danish Mycobacterium bovis BCG strain was isolated from 5 patients. No cases of Tokyo M. bovis BCG strain disease were detected. All patients were asymptomatic at birth, <12 months of age, and severely immunodeficient at presentation. Four patients had regional axillary adenitis ipsilateral to the vaccination site, and 2 had pulmonary BCG disease. Two patients with regional BCG disease had simultaneous pulmonary M. tuberculosis infection. Although chest radiographic features were similar to those seen in patients with tuberculosis, BCG disease should be considered in HIV-infected infants with right axillary adenitis ipsilateral to the vaccination site. Young, symptomatic, HIV-infected infants are at risk for BCG-related complications. Controlled, population-based studies are needed to assess the risk of BCG in HIV-infected children.

Journal Article.  3775 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.