Journal Article

The Utility of Sputum Induction for Diagnosis of <i>Pneumocystis</i> Pneumonia in Immunocompromised Patients without Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Regina C. LaRocque, Joel T. Katz, Priscilla Perruzzi and Lindsey R. Baden

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue 10, pages 1380-1383
Published in print November 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/379071
The Utility of Sputum Induction for Diagnosis of Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Immunocompromised Patients without Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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Sputum induction for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is widely used for patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), but its utility for patients with other forms of immunocompromise is less well defined. Immunocompromised patients with PCP who do not have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have a lower burden of organisms, and sputum induction may consequently have lower diagnostic yield in these patients. However, this retrospective review of the experience at a tertiary referral center suggests that sputum induction has clinical utility for diagnosing PCP in immunocompromised patients without HIV infection.

Journal Article.  2175 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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