Journal Article

Assessment of Mortality after Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Eric M. Mortensen, Wishwa N. Kapoor, Chung-Chou H. Chang and Michael J. Fine

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 37, issue 12, pages 1617-1624
Published in print December 2003 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online December 2003 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/379712
Assessment of Mortality after Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Although studies have assessed short-term mortality among patients with community-acquired pneumonia, there is limited data on prognosis and risk factors that affect long-term mortality. The mortality among patients enrolled at 4 sites of the Pneumonia Patient Outcome Research Team cohort study who survived at least 90 days after presentation to the hospital was compared with that among age-matched control subjects. Overall, 1419 of 1555 patients survived for >90 days, with a mean follow-up period of 5.9 years. There was significantly higher long-term mortality among patients with pneumonia than among age-matched controls. Factors significantly associated with long-term mortality were age (stratified by decade), do-not-resuscitate status, poor nutritional status, pleural effusion, glucocorticoid use, nursing home residence, high school graduation level or less, male sex, preexisting comorbid illnesses, and the lack of feverishness. This study demonstrates that there is significantly higher long-term mortality among patients with pneumonia than among age-matched controls and that long-term mortality largely is not affected by acute physiologic derangements.

Journal Article.  3822 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.