Journal Article

Mycoplasma Endocarditis: Two Case Reports and a Review

Florence Fenollar, Valérie Gauduchon, Jean-Paul Casalta, Hubert Lepidi, François Vandenesch and Didier Raoult

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 38, issue 3, pages e21-e24
Published in print February 2004 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/380839
Mycoplasma Endocarditis: Two Case Reports and a Review

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We describe 2 patients with endocarditis for whom blood cultures and cardiac valve cultures were repeatedly sterile. Broad-range eubacterial polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification performed on cardiac valve specimens from these 2 patients detected DNA of Mycoplasma hominis, for one patient, and of Ureaplasma parvum, for the other patient. Three other cases of infective endocarditis caused by mycoplasmas were identified in the literature. It is important to rule out a diagnosis of mycoplasma endocarditis because the evolution of the disease may be fatal and it requires an adequate and specific antibiotic therapy.

Journal Article.  2275 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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