Journal Article

Optimizing the Care of Minority Patients with HIV/AIDS

Valerie E. Stone

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 38, issue 3, pages 400-404
Published in print February 2004 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/380969
Optimizing the Care of Minority Patients with HIV/AIDS

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Persons belonging to racial/ethnic minorities are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and/or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the United States, with higher numbers of infected individuals and higher HIV/AIDS–related death rates. Despite its substantial medical toll among minorities, HIV/AIDS has had a complex sociocultural legacy in many minority communities in the United States, especially in the African American community, which can present a challenge for patients and medical care providers. Many studies have found that minorities receiving care for HIV/AIDS are less likely to be satisfied with their HIV care and less likely to receive highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) than are other patients. The root causes of these disparities in care have not yet been well delineated. However, clinicians can optimize the care they provide for minority patients by using a cultural competence framework, enhancing patient-provider communication, diversifying their clinical staff, proactively enhancing receipt of HAART, and being attentive to issues related to adherence to HAART.

Journal Article.  4057 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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