Journal Article

Conflict and Kala-Azar: Determinants of Adverse Outcomes of Kala-Azar among Patients in Southern Sudan

Simon Collin, Robert Davidson, Koert Ritmeijer, Kees Keus, Yosef Melaku, Sammy Kipngetich and Clive Davies

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 38, issue 5, pages 612-619
Published in print March 2004 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online March 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/381203
Conflict and Kala-Azar: Determinants of Adverse Outcomes of Kala-Azar among Patients in Southern Sudan

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

We analyzed data obtained from 3365 patients with kala-azar (KA) or post-KA dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) treated by Médecins Sans Frontières–Holland in south Sudan from October 1998–May 2002. Patients were malnourished (median body mass index [BMI], 15.5; median weight for height [WFH], 75.5%) and anemic (median hemoglobin (Hb) level, 8.5 g/dL). The proportion of patients with primary KA who were children <5 years old increased from 2.5%, in 1998, to 19.8%, in 2002 (P < .0001). Therapy with sodium stibogluconate cured 91.9% of patients with primary KA, and dosages of >850 mg per day did not decrease the chances of survival. Risk factors for death among adults were age ⩾45 years (odds ratio [OR], 4.6), malnutrition (BMI, <13; OR, 11.0), anemia (Hb level, <8 g/dL; OR, 4.0), and duration of illness (duration, ⩾5 months; OR, 2.3). Risk factors for death among children and adolescents were age <2 years (OR, 5.4,), malnutrition (WFH, <60%; OR, 5.0), anemia (Hb level, <6 g/dL; OR, 3.7), and splenomegaly (OR, 2.9). A higher risk of death was associated with episodes of diarrhea (OR, 1.4), vomiting (OR, 2.7), and bleeding (OR, 2.9). Relapse and PKDL occurred in 3.9% and 10.0% of cases, respectively.

Journal Article.  4036 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.