Journal Article

Liver Toxicity in Epidemiological Cohorts

Stephen Becker

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 38, issue Supplement_2, pages S49-S55
Published in print March 2004 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online March 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/381447
Liver Toxicity in Epidemiological Cohorts

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Hepatotoxicity has been demonstrated to be associated with antiretroviral therapy. Previous studies have included small numbers of patients and, thus, were unable to produce adequate statistical comparisons. I review data analyses from the Amsterdam, CHORUS, ICONA and Target studies (5133 patients), which were conducted by a number of investigators. There were differences between the cohorts with respect to the incidence of viral hepatitis and definitions of hepatotoxicity used. However, in all cohorts, hepatotoxicity in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected patients was significantly associated with coinfection with viral hepatitis. In 3 cohorts, elevated baseline alanine aminotransferase levels predicted subsequent hepatotoxicity. Overall, there was a low incidence of long-term hepatotoxicity in these cohorts and no consistent association between a particular drug or drug class. Nevirapine use within the first 12 weeks after initiation of therapy with this drug and ritonavir use are associated with increased risk of antiretroviral-associated hepatotoxicity.

Journal Article.  2827 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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