Journal Article

Impact of Chronic Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection on Outcomes of Patients Infected with HIV in an Area Where HBV Infection Is Hyperendemic

Wang-Huei Sheng, Mao-Yuan Chen, Szu-Min Hsieh, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Jann-Tay Wang, Chien-Ching Hung and Shan-Chwen Chang

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 38, issue 10, pages 1471-1477
Published in print May 2004 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online May 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/420744
Impact of Chronic Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection on Outcomes of Patients Infected with HIV in an Area Where HBV Infection Is Hyperendemic

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Between June 1994 and February 2003, a total of 111 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfection and 387 HIV-infected patients without HBV or hepatitis C virus coinfection were prospectively observed to assess the impact of HBV infection on outcomes of HIV-infected patients. After a median duration of observation of 25 months, coinfected patients were more likely to develop hepatitis (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 2.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.69–3.82) and hepatic decompensation (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 9.94; 95% CI, 1.89–52.35). Although similar proportions of the 2 patient groups had an increase in the CD4 count by ⩾100 × 106 cells/L (AOR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.45–1.36) and development of new opportunistic illnesses (AOR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.53–1.66), HBV-infected patients had an increased risk for virologic failure (AOR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.03–2.99) and death (AHR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.19–2.47) after highly active antiretroviral therapy was initiated.

Journal Article.  4107 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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