Journal Article

Unintended Smallpox Vaccination of HIV-1—Infected Individuals in the United States Military

Sybil A. Tasker, Glenn A. Schnepf, Matthew Lim, Harold E. Caraviello, Adam Armstrong, Mary Bavaro, Brian K. Agan, Judith Delmar, Naomi Aronson, Mark R. Wallace and John D. Grabenstein

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 38, issue 9, pages 1320-1322
Published in print May 2004 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online May 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/420938
Unintended Smallpox Vaccination of HIV-1—Infected Individuals in the United States Military

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We identified 10 individuals who had undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection at the time of smallpox vaccination. Mean CD4 cell count was 483 cells/mm3 (range, 286–751 cells/mm3), and mean log10 plasma HIV-1 RNA load was 4.13 copies/cm3 (range, 2.54–5.16 copies/cm3). All vaccinees (3 primary and 7 repeat) had a normal, robust reaction without complications. Smallpox vaccine was well-tolerated in this small series of HIV-1–infected military personnel.

Journal Article.  1947 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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