Journal Article

Antifungal Prophylaxis in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients: Considerations for Clinical Trial Design

Nina Singh

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 39, issue Supplement_4, pages S200-S206
Published in print October 2004 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online October 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/421957
Antifungal Prophylaxis in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients: Considerations for Clinical Trial Design

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Background. There are several key issues regarding clinical trial design for antifungal prophylaxis in organ transplant recipients.

Methods. The existing and emerging data on the epidemiology and risk factors for invasive mycoses in organ transplant recipients formed the basis for discerning the subgroups that may be targeted for prophylaxis, the unique end points to be considered, and the attributes of currently available drugs that may be suitable candidates for antifungal prophylaxis.

Results. Epidemiological characteristics of invasive mycoses in organ transplant recipients have evolved sufficiently to warrant thoughtful reconsideration of the subsets of patients and the fungal pathogens to be targeted for antifungal prophylactic trials in the current era. Safety and tolerability of antifungal agents and outcome stratified by severity of illness are important end points given the potential for drug interactions with immunosuppressive agents and the fact that a beneficial effect of prophylaxis on outcome has been difficult to document in organ transplant recipients.

Conclusions. Clinical trial design for antifungal prophylaxis must carefully consider the unique issues pertaining to the selection of patients most likely to benefit, as well as the tolerability and drug interactions of antifungal agents in organ transplant recipients.

Journal Article.  4275 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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