Journal Article

Immune Responses in Human Necatoriasis: Association between Interleukin-5 Responses and Resistance to Reinfection

Rupert J. Quinnell, David I. Pritchard, Andrew Raiko, Alan P. Brown and Marie-Anne Shaw

in The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 190, issue 3, pages 430-438
Published in print August 2004 | ISSN: 0022-1899
Published online August 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6613 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/422256
Immune Responses in Human Necatoriasis: Association between Interleukin-5 Responses and Resistance to Reinfection

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Cytokine and proliferative responses to Necator americanus infection were measured in a treatment-reinfection study of infected subjects from an area of Papua New Guinea where N. americanus is highly endemic. Before treatment, most subjects produced detectable interleukin (IL)-4 (97%), IL-5 (86%), and interferon (IFN)-γ (64%) in response to adult N. americanus antigen. Pretreatment IFN-γ responses were negatively associated with hookworm burden, decreasing by 18 pg/mL for each increase of 1000 eggs/gram (epg) (n = 75; P<.01). Mean IFN-γ responses increased significantly after anthelmintic treatment, from 166 to 322 pg/mL (n = 42; P<.01). The intensity of reinfection was significantly negatively correlated with pretreatment IL-5 responses, decreasing by 551 epg for each 100 pg/mL increase in production of IL-5 (n = 51; P<.01). These data indicate that there is a mixed cytokine response in necatoriasis, with worm burden-associated suppression of IFN-γ responses to adult N. americanus antigen. Resistance to reinfection is associated with the parasite-specific IL- 5 response.

Journal Article.  5378 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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