Journal Article

Indicators of Potentially Drug-Resistant Bacteria in Severe Nursing Home—Acquired Pneumonia

Ali A. El Solh, Celestino Pietrantoni, Abid Bhat, Milapchand Bhora and Eileen Berbary

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 39, issue 4, pages 474-480
Published in print August 2004 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 2004 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/422317
Indicators of Potentially Drug-Resistant Bacteria in Severe Nursing Home—Acquired Pneumonia

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Background. Knowledge of the determinant factors responsible for the presence of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens in severe nursing home—acquired pneumonia (NHAP) is deemed essential for antibiotic selection.

Methods. Data for institutionalized patients with cases of severe pneumonia confirmed by culture of protected bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples (⩾103 cfu/mL) during a 36-month period were analyzed. A classification tree with a sensitivity of 100% was developed using binary recursive partitioning to predict which patients are unlikely to have drug-resistant pathogen (DRP)—related pneumonia.

Results. Of the 88 patients who satisfied the inclusion criteria, 17 had at least 1 DRP recovered from the lower respiratory tract. The predictor variables were the Activity of Daily Living score and previous use of antibiotics. Prospective application of the model in 47 patients over a 24-month period yielded a sensitivity of 100% (95% confidence interval [CI], 71.3%–100%) and a specificity of 69.4% (95% CI, 51.9%–83.6%).

Conclusions. The use of the tree may provide a more rational basis for selecting initial therapy for severe NHAP after it is validated in a large prospective study.

Journal Article.  4093 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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