Journal Article

Outcomes among Patients with End-Stage Liver Disease Who Are Coinfected with HIV and Hepatitis C Virus

Guy W. Neff, Norah J. Shire and Steven M. Rudich

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 41, issue Supplement_1, pages S50-S55
Published in print July 2005 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online July 2005 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/429496
Outcomes among Patients with End-Stage Liver Disease Who Are Coinfected with HIV and Hepatitis C Virus

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In at-risk populations, shared routes of transmission lead to high rates of concordance between infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 and hepatitis C virus (HCV). In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), end-stage liver disease (ESLD) has emerged as a leading cause of mortality in coinfected patients. HAART-related toxicities have been implicated, especially when given to patients with viral hepatitis. Rates of response to treatment for HCV infection in coinfected patients continue to lag behind those in monoinfected patients, even with the advent of pegylated interferons. Liver transplantation has been approached with caution in this population because of concern about the sequelae of immunosuppression and HAART-related hepatotoxicity, and results have been conflicting. Clinical and serological markers of ESLD in coinfected patients, management of cirrhosis, and the appropriateness of transplantation are discussed.

Journal Article.  3984 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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