Journal Article

Voluntary Counseling and Testing by Nurse Counselors: What Is the Role of Routine Repeated Testing after a Negative Result?

Ronnie Matambo, Ethel Dauya, Junior Mutswanga, Eve Makanza, Steven Chandiwana, Peter R. Mason, Anthony E. Butterworth and Elizabeth L. Corbett

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 42, issue 4, pages 569-571
Published in print February 2006 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 2006 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/499954
Voluntary Counseling and Testing by Nurse Counselors: What Is the Role of Routine Repeated Testing after a Negative Result?

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Three hundred eighty-eight human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–negative clients in Zimbabwe were retested at 3 months using 2 parallel rapid tests. One operator error (risk, 0.26%; 95% confidence interval, 0.0065%–1.4%) and no “true” seroconversions (upper 95% confidence limit, 0.96%) were detected. High-risk behavior was not significantly reduced. Policies recommending routine retesting need to be reconsidered.

Journal Article.  1842 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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