Journal Article

Breakthrough Trichosporonosis in Patients with Hematologic Malignancies Receiving Micafungin

Kosei Matsue, Hidetaka Uryu, Mihoko Koseki, Noboru Asada and Masami Takeuchi

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 42, issue 6, pages 753-757
Published in print March 2006 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online March 2006 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/500323
Breakthrough Trichosporonosis in Patients with Hematologic Malignancies Receiving Micafungin

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Background. Micafungin is a newly approved antifungal agent in the echinocandin class that is active against Candida species and Aspergillus species. However, this agent has limited activity against a number of fungi, including Trichosporon species. We describe 4 patients who developed disseminated trichosporonosis during the use of micafungin. No cases of trichosporonosis had been seen in the 2 years prior to January 2003, when micafungin became available in our hospital.

Methods. We reviewed microbiological records of patients at Kameda General Hospital (Kamogawa City, Chiba, Japan) from 1 January 2002 to 31 July 2005, and identified 4 patients whose blood culture results were positive for Trichosporon species.

Results. Since January 2003, four patients—3 with acute myelocytic leukemia and 1 with myelodysplastic syndrome—developed disseminated trichosporonosis while receiving treatment with micafungin with or without amphotericin B. The initial 2 isolates were identified as Trichosporon beigelii, and the later 2 isolates were identified as Trichosporon asahii. All 4 patients received micafungin, and 2 also received amphotericin B concomitantly. Minimal inhibitory concentrations of micafungin were >16 µg/mL for the 2 isolates available for susceptibility testing. One patient with hematologic recovery (neutrophils >500 cells/mm3) showed elimination of the fungus after receiving treatment with voriconazole. However, the 3 other patients without hematologic or immunological recovery died of disseminated infection.

Conclusions. The rarity of trichosporonosis in our hospital and its emergence after the introduction of micafungin therapy support the idea that micafungin may exert a significant, selective pressure toward resistant fungi, such as Trichosporon species. Therefore, care should be taken regarding the possibility of trichosporonosis in patients receiving micafungin with or without amphotericin B.

Journal Article.  3609 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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