Journal Article

<i>Enterobacter sakazakii:</i> An Emerging Pathogen in Powdered Infant Formula

D. Drudy, N. R. Mullane, T. Quinn, P. G. Wall and S. Fanning

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 42, issue 7, pages 996-1002
Published in print April 2006 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online April 2006 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1086/501019
Enterobacter sakazakii: An Emerging Pathogen in Powdered Infant Formula

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Enterobacter sakazakii represents a significant risk to the health of neonates. This bacterium is an emerging opportunistic pathogen that is associated with rare but life-threatening cases of meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and sepsis in premature and full-term infants. Infants aged <28 days are considered to be most at risk. Feeding with powdered infant formula (PIF) has been epidemiologically implicated in several clinical cases. Infants should be exclusively breast-fed for the first 6 months of life, and those who are not should be provided with a suitable breast-milk substitute. PIF is not a sterile product; to reduce the risk of infection, the reconstitution of powdered formula should be undertaken by caregivers using good hygienic measures and in accordance with the product manufacturer's food safety guidelines.

Journal Article.  4611 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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