Journal Article

Diarrheagenic <i>Escherichia coli</i> Infection in Baltimore, Maryland, and New Haven, Connecticut

James P. Nataro, Volker Mai, Judith Johnson, William C. Blackwelder, Robert Heimer, Shirley Tirrell, Stephen C. Edberg, Christopher R. Braden, J. Glenn Morris and Jon Mark Hirshon

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 43, issue 4, pages 402-407
Published in print August 2006 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 2006 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/505867
Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli Infection in Baltimore, Maryland, and New Haven, Connecticut

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Background. Diarrhea remains a common complaint among US patients who seek medical attention.

Methods. We performed a prospective study to determine the etiology of diarrheal illness among patients and control subjects of all ages presenting to the emergency departments and outpatient clinics of 2 large academic hospitals in Baltimore, Maryland, and New Haven, Connecticut. We used molecular methods to detect the presence of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli pathotypes, including enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), as well as Shiga toxin–producing, cytodetaching, enterotoxigenic and enteropathogenic E. coli.

Results. Of the pathotypes sought, only EAEC was found in an appreciable proportion (4.5%) of case patients, and it was found more frequently among case patients than control subjects (P < .02). Surprisingly, EAEC was the most common bacterial cause of diarrhea in our population. EAEC was common in all age strata and was not associated with foreign travel or immunodeficiency. EAEC infection is frequently accompanied by fever and abdominal pain, though this did not happen more frequently in patients with EAEC infection than in patients with diarrhea due to other causes.

Conclusions. Our data suggest that EAEC infection should be considered among persons with diarrhea that does not yield another known etiologic agent.

Journal Article.  3259 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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