Journal Article

Has the United States Population Been Adequately Vaccinated to Achieve Rubella Elimination?

Sharon Bloom, Phil Smith, Carol Stanwyck and Shannon Stokley

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 43, issue Supplement_3, pages S141-S145
Published in print November 2006 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 2006 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/505946
Has the United States Population Been Adequately Vaccinated to Achieve Rubella Elimination?

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Mathematical models indicate that elimination of rubella virus transmission requires maintenance of ∼90% rubella immunity among children. To evaluate whether rubella vaccination coverage among US preschool and school-age children is at levels consistent with rubella elimination, we reviewed data from 3 sources: (1) the Biologics Surveillance, which documents the net number of vaccine doses sold (1970–2004); (2) state immunization surveys of school entrants 5–6 years of age (1980–2005); and (3) the National Immunization Survey of children 19–35 months of age (1995–2004). Vaccine biologics data show that the net number of rubella vaccine doses sold was at least equivalent to the number of children born each year during 1970–2004. The average coverage for school-entrant surveys among reporting states was>95% for 1980–2004. National coverage among children 19–35 months of age was ⩾90% overall for each year during 1995–2004. Three independent surveys suggest that childhood coverage with rubella-containing vaccine has been at sufficiently high levels to achieve elimination of rubella virus transmission.

Journal Article.  2523 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.