Journal Article

Fatal Pneumonia among Metalworkers Due to Inhalation Exposure to <i>Bacillus cereus</i> Containing <i>Bacillus anthracis</i> Toxin Genes

Swati B. Avashia, W. S. Riggins, Connie Lindley, Alex Hoffmaster, Rahsaan Drumgoole, Trudi Nekomoto, Paul J. Jackson, Karen K. Hill, Karen Williams, Lulu Lehman, Melissa C. Libal, Patricia P. Wilkins, James Alexander, Anthony Tvaryanas and Tom Betz

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 44, issue 3, pages 414-416
Published in print February 2007 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 2007 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/510429
Fatal Pneumonia among Metalworkers Due to Inhalation Exposure to Bacillus cereus Containing Bacillus anthracis Toxin Genes

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Bacillus cereus pneumonia is unusual in nonimmunocompromised hosts. We describe fatal cases in 2 metalworkers and the associated investigation. Anthrax toxin genes were identified in B. cereus isolates from both patients using polymerase chain reaction. Finding anthrax toxin genes in non-Bacillus anthracis isolates has, to our knowledge, only been reported once previously.

Journal Article.  2053 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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