Journal Article

Use of Amplification and Sequencing of the 16S rRNA Gene to Diagnose <i>Mycoplasma pneumoniae</i> Osteomyelitis in a Patient with Hypogammaglobulinemia

Bernard La Scola, Gerard Michel and Didier Raoult

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 24, issue 6, pages 1161-1163
Published in print June 1997 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online June 1997 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/513631
Use of Amplification and Sequencing of the 16S rRNA Gene to Diagnose Mycoplasma pneumoniae Osteomyelitis in a Patient with Hypogammaglobulinemia

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A splenectomized patient with hypogammaglobulinemia who was hospitalized because of a highgrade fever subsequently developed osteomyelitis. Although pus cultures were repeatedly sterile, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis with use of 16S rRNA gene primers with a broad specificity detected bacterial DNA in pus samples. Subsequent nucleotide base determination of the amplified DNA demonstrated that the detected DNA was derived from Mycoplasma pneumoniae. The results were confirmed by a PCR assay with use of M. pneumoniae—specific primers. Our findings confirm the usefulness of 16S rRNA gene amplification and analysis in the rapid and specific diagnosis of infectious osteomyelitis and reaffirm the role of such methods in detecting fastidious or uncultivable pathogens.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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