Journal Article

Incidence and Epidemiology of Nosocomial Infections in Patients Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Uwe Frank, John Griffith, Franz D. Daschner, Gabi Schulgen and John Mills

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 25, issue 2, pages 318-320
Published in print August 1997 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 1997 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/514553
Incidence and Epidemiology of Nosocomial Infections in Patients Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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In a prospective study, we investigated the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors of nosocomial infections (NIs) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus disease. There was a total of 528 admissions of 405 eligible patients; 46 NIs (8.7% per discharge) were identified in 39 patients. The proportional frequencies of NIs were as follows: 16 skin and/or soft-tissue infections (including localized catheter-associated infections), 3.0%; 14 respiratory tract infections, 2.7%; 11 bloodstream infections, 2.1%; and 5 urinary tract infections, 0.9%. The most common etiologic agents were Staphylococcus aureus (27.6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13.8%), and Enterobacter cloacae (13.8%). The duration of hospitalization was not significantly prolonged by NI in the cohort.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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