Journal Article

Infective Endocarditis in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

David L. Paterson, Edward A. Dominguez, Feng-Yee Chang, David R. Snydman and Nina Singh

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 26, issue 3, pages 689-694
Published in print March 1998 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online March 1998 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/514590
Infective Endocarditis in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

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Infective endocarditis, defined as pathologically or clinically definite by the Duke criteria, was observed in 14 transplant recipients at our institutions. In addition, we reviewed 32 previously reported cases in solid organ transplant recipients. The spectrum of organisms causing infective endocarditis was clearly different in transplant recipients than in the general population; 50% of the infections were due to Aspergillus fumigatus or Staphylococcus aureus, but only 4% were due to viridans streptococci. Fungal infections predominated early (accounting for six of 10 cases of endocarditis within 30 days of transplantation), while bacterial infections caused most cases (80%) after this time. In 80% (37) of the 46 cases in transplant recipients, there was no underlying valvular disease. Seventy-four percent (34) of the 46 cases were associated with previous hospital-acquired infection, notably venous access device and wound infections. Three patients with S. aureus endocarditis had had an episode of S. aureus bacteremia >3 weeks prior to the diagnosis of endocarditis and had received treatment for the initial bacteremia of >14 days' duration. The overall mortality rate was 57% (26 of 46 patients died), with 58% (15) of the 26 fatal cases not being suspected during life. Endocarditis is an underappreciated sequela of hospital-acquired infection in transplant recipients.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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