Journal Article

Flucytosine Monotherapy for Cryptococcosis

Duane R. Hospenthal and John E. Bennett

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 27, issue 2, pages 260-264
Published in print August 1998 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 1998 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/514669
Flucytosine Monotherapy for Cryptococcosis

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Flucytosine (5-FC) monotherapy for cryptococcosis is not advocated because drug resistance emerges during therapy. Reported documentation of this widely accepted belief is surprisingly scarce. Therefore, we reviewed our experience with 5-FC monotherapy for 27 patients treated between 1968 and 1973. Patients were selected on the basis of criteria associated with good prognosis. In this group, 5-FC monotherapy resulted in cure in eight cases and improvement in two. Overall, response was seen in 10 (43%) of 23 evaluable patients. Therapy failed for 13 patients, including 5 who relapsed, 2 who had partial responses, and 6 without response. Resistance was noted to have developed in isolates from six (50%) of 12 patients for whom therapy failed. Although the 57% failure rate associated with 5-FC alone precludes its use as monotherapy, our study did show that this treatment was well tolerated and that failure was not invariably associated with development of resistance.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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