Journal Article

Seroprevalence of Norwalk Virus and Mexico Virus in Chilean Individuals: Assessment of Independent Risk Factors for Antibody Acquisition

Miguel L. O'Ryan, Pablo A. Víal, Nora Mamani, Xi Jiang, Mary K. Estes, Catterine Ferrecio, Hassan Lakkis and David O. Matson

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 27, issue 4, pages 789-795
Published in print October 1998 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online October 1998 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/514949
Seroprevalence of Norwalk Virus and Mexico Virus in Chilean Individuals: Assessment of Independent Risk Factors for Antibody Acquisition

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Norwalk virus (NV) and Mexico (MX) virus represent distinct genetic clusters within the same genus of human caliciviruses (CVs), a major cause of diarrhea in adults. The magnitude and potential risk factors of human CV infection in populations from Santiago and Punta Arenas, Chile, were assessed. Individuals (n = 1,864) gave a blood sample and answered a questionnaire during a household survey. Sera were tested for antibody to NV and MX virus with use of recombinant capsid antigens. Overall, NV and MX virus seroprevalence rates were 83% and 91% in Santiago vs. 67% and 90% in Punta Arenas, respectively (P < .001 for NV virus). Lower socioeconomic status and increasing age were risk factors for infection with both viruses (P < .001). Consumption of seafood, consumption of vegetables, and child care center attendance were population risk factors for infection, but the association of a factor with a virus depended on the city. Prevention of human CV infections will require individual assessment in different communities.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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