Journal Article

Ceftriaxone Once Daily for Four Weeks Compared with Ceftriaxone Plus Gentamicin Once Daily for Two Weeks for Treatment of Endocarditis Due to Penicillin-Susceptible Streptococci

Daniel J. Sexton, Marvin J. Tenenbaum, Walter R. Wilson, James M. Steckelberg, Alan D. Tice, David Gilbert, William Dismukes, Richard H. Drew and David T. Durack

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 27, issue 6, pages 1470-1474
Published in print December 1998 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online December 1998 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/515038
Ceftriaxone Once Daily for Four Weeks Compared with Ceftriaxone Plus Gentamicin Once Daily for Two Weeks for Treatment of Endocarditis Due to Penicillin-Susceptible Streptococci

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This randomized, multicenter, open-label study compared the efficacy and safety of monotherapy with 2 g of intravenous ceftriaxone once daily for 4 weeks with those of combination therapy with 2 g of intravenous ceftriaxone and 3 mg of intravenous gentamicin/kg once daily for 2 weeks as therapy for endocarditis due to penicillin-susceptible streptococci. Sixty-one patients were enrolled in the study. Clinical cure was observed for 51 evaluable patients both at termination of therapy and at the 3-month follow-up: 25 (96.2%) of 26 monotherapy recipients and 24 (96%) of 25 combination therapy recipients. Of the 23 patients in each treatment group who were microbiologically evaluable, 22 (95.7%) in each group were considered cured. No patient had evidence of relapse. Fourteen patients (27.5%) required cardiac surgery after initiation of treatment, including five monotherapy recipients and nine combination therapy recipients. Adverse effects were minimal in both treatment groups. We conclude that 2 g of ceftriaxone once daily for 4 weeks and 2 g of ceftriaxone in combination with 3 mg of gentamicin/kg once daily for 2 weeks are both effective and safe for the treatment of streptococcal endocarditis.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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