Journal Article

Mayaro Virus Disease: An Emerging Mosquito-Borne Zoonosis in Tropical South America

Robert B. Tesh, Douglas M. Watts, Kevin L. Russell, Chitra Damodaran, Carlos Calampa, Cesar Cabezas, Gladys Ramirez, Bruno Vasquez, Curtis G. Hayes, Cynthia A. Rossi, Ann M. Powers, Christine L. Hice, Laura J. Chandler, Bruce C. Cropp, Nick Karabatsos, John T. Roehrig and Duane J. Gubler

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 28, issue 1, pages 67-73
Published in print January 1999 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online January 1999 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/515070
Mayaro Virus Disease: An Emerging Mosquito-Borne Zoonosis in Tropical South America

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This report describes the clinical, laboratory, and epidemiological findings on 27 cases of Mayaro virus (MV) disease, an emerging mosquito-borne viral illness that is endemic in rural areas of tropical South America. MV disease is a nonfatal, dengue-like illness characterized by fever, chills, headache, eye pain, generalized myalgia, arthralgia, diarrhea, vomiting, and rash of 3–5 days' duration. Severe joint pain is a prominent feature of this illness; the arthralgia sometimes persists for months and can be quite incapacitating. Cases of two visitors from the United States, who developed MV disease during visits to eastern Peru, are reported. MV disease and dengue are difficult to differentiate clinically.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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