Journal Article

Epidemiology and Prevention of Group A Streptococcal Infections: Acute Respiratory Tract Infections, Skin Infections, and their Sequelae at the Close of the Twentieth Century

Jonathan R. Carapetis, Bart J. Currie and Edward L. Kaplan

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 28, issue 2, pages 205-210
Published in print February 1999 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online February 1999 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/515114
Epidemiology and Prevention of Group A Streptococcal Infections: Acute Respiratory Tract Infections, Skin Infections, and their Sequelae at the Close of the Twentieth Century

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Infections of the upper respiratory tract and skin due to group A Streptococcus are common, and the organism is highly transmissible. In industrialized countries and to some extent in developing countries, control efforts continue to emphasize that group A streptococcal pharyngitis should be properly diagnosed and appropriately treated. In developing countries and in indigenous populations where the burden of group A streptococcal diseases appears greatest, the epidemiology is less completely defined and may differ from that in industrialized countries. There is a need for accurately collected epidemiological data from developing countries, which may also further clarify the pathogenesis of group A streptococcal infections and their sequelae. While proper treatment of group A streptococcal pharyngitis continues to be essential in all populations, it may be appropriate in developing countries to consider additional strategies to reduce rates of pyoderma.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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