Journal Article

<i>Chlamydia pneumoniae</i> in Children with Otitis Media

Merete Storgaard, Lars Østergaard, Jørgen S. Jensen, Stense Farholt, Knud Larsen, Therese Ovesen, Hanne Nødgaard and Paul L. Andersen

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 25, issue 5, pages 1090-1093
Published in print November 1997 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 1997 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/516087
Chlamydia pneumoniae in Children with Otitis Media

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In this study the polymerase chain reaction was used to test for the presence of Chlamydia pneumoniae DNA in 118 middle-ear aspirates from 20 children with acute otitis media (AOM) and 53 children with otitis media with effusion (OME). C. pneumoniae was detected in 8 samples obtained from 5 children with OME and, together with Streptococcus pneumoniae, in a sample from 1 child with AOM. The mean age of these five children (6.6 ± 1.4 years) was significantly higher than that of the 48 children with OME in whom C. pneumoniae could not be detected (4.3 ± 1.9 years). The presence of C. pneumoniae in 9.4% of the examined children with OME suggests that C. pneumoniae might be a significant supplementary factor in the etiology of this common children's disease.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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