Journal Article

The Epidemiology of Resistance to Ofloxacin and Oxacillin Among Clinical Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcal Isolates: Analysis of Risk Factors and Strain Types

David A. Pegues, Christine Colby, Patricia L. Hibberd, Louise Glassner Cohen, Frederick M. Ausubel, Stephen B. Calderwood and David C. Hooper

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 26, issue 1, pages 72-79
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/516270
The Epidemiology of Resistance to Ofloxacin and Oxacillin Among Clinical Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcal Isolates: Analysis of Risk Factors and Strain Types

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Coagulase-negative staphylococci are important nosocomial pathogens that increasingly are resistant to oxacillin and fluoroquinolones. To determine predictors of acquisition of oxacillin and ofloxacin resistance, we prospectively identified 150 patients from whose clinical specimens coagulase- negative staphylococci were isolated that differed in susceptibility to oxacillin and ofloxacin. In multivariate analysis, isolation of ofloxacin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci was associated with receipt of aminoglycosides (odds ratio [OR] = 8.45; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.10–34.1; P = .001) and fluoroquinolones (OR = 11.50; 95% CI = 4.15–31.6; P < .001) within 30 days; oxacillin resistance was associated with prior receipt of β-lactam agents (OR = 5.99; 95% CI = 2.91–12.3; P β .001). Among oxacillin-resistant strains, there was heterogeneity of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) types, and no type was common between ofloxacin-resistant and ofloxacinsusceptible strains. Thus ofloxacin resistance may have emerged de novo among diverse oxacillinresistant strains following the selection pressures of antimicrobial therapy. In contrast, 50% of patients with oxacillin-susceptible/ofloxacin-resistant strains had one of two PFGE types, a finding suggesting that person-to-person transmission resulted in the dissemination of some of these strains.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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