Journal Article

Disseminated Sporotrichosis and <i>Sporothrix schenckii</i> Fungemia as the Initial Presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq and Kara K. Wools

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 26, issue 6, pages 1403-1406
Published in print June 1998 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online June 1998 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1086/516356
Disseminated Sporotrichosis and Sporothrix schenckii Fungemia as the Initial Presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

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Infection with Sporothrix schenckii causes a localized lymphocutaneous disease in the immunocompetent host, while it frequently results in disseminated disease in the immunocompromised patient. There are a growing number of reports of S. schenckii infection in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population, where the disease usually starts as a localized cutaneous lesion and subsequently disseminates. The optimal treatment of systemic sporotrichosis in HIVpositive patients is as yet unknown. This article presents a case report of disseminated sporotrichosis in an HIV-infected patient, a review of the literature, and discussion of treatment options for HIVinfected patients.

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Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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