Journal Article

Reduction in Functional Antibody Activity Against <i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i> in Vaccinated Elderly Individuals Highly Correlates with Decreased IgG Antibody Avidity

Sandra Romero-Steiner, Daniel M. Musher, Marty S. Cetron, Lorna B. Pais, Jean E. Groover, Anthony E. Fiore, Brian D. Plikaytis and George M. Carlone

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 29, issue 2, pages 281-288
Published in print July 1999 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online July 1999 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/520200
Reduction in Functional Antibody Activity Against Streptococcus pneumoniae in Vaccinated Elderly Individuals Highly Correlates with Decreased IgG Antibody Avidity

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine is recommended as a means of preventing invasive disease in the elderly. We compared responses to the 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine in 46 previously unvaccinated, healthy, institutionalized elderly persons (mean age, 85.5 years) with those in 12 healthy younger adults (mean age, 37 years) by measuring prevaccination and postvaccination serum IgG antibody concentrations (by ELISA), functional antibody activity (by opsonophagocytosis), IgG antibody avidity, and passive protection in mice. Postvaccination IgG antibody concentrations for two serotypes (6B and 19F) of the five studied (4, 6B, 14, 19F, and 23F) were significantly lower in elderly than in younger adults; however, opsonophagocytic activity was significantly reduced for all serotypes in the elderly. Sera with reduced opsonophagocytic activity (titer, <64) correlated with low IgG antibody avidity and protected mice poorly against pneumococcal challenge. In elderly persons receiving polysaccharide vaccination, there was a significant reduction in the functionality of postvaccination antibodies, and this appeared to increase with advanced age.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.