Journal Article

Penicillin Resistance and Other Predictors of Mortality in Pneumococcal Bacteremia in a Population with High Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seroprevalence

Glenn S. Turett, Steve Blum, Barkat A. Fazal, Jessica E. Justman and Edward E. Telzak

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 29, issue 2, pages 321-327
Published in print July 1999 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online July 1999 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/520209
Penicillin Resistance and Other Predictors of Mortality in Pneumococcal Bacteremia in a Population with High Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seroprevalence

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Rates of invasive disease caused by penicillin-resistant pneumococci are rising. Previous reports have found no association between resistant pneumococci and increased mortality. To evaluate the impact of penicillin resistance and other variables on mortality, we retrospectively studied all cases of pneumococcal bacteremia identified by our microbiology laboratory from 1 January 1992 through 31 December 1996. There were 462 cases of pneumococcal bacteremia in 432 patients. The mean age was 35 years; 55% of the cases occurred in male patients, 58% were in black patients, and 40% were in Hispanic patients. One-half of the cases occurred in patients with documented human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) infection. Penicillin resistance was first noted in 1994 and increased yearly, accounting for 17% of 1996 isolates. Of all resistant isolates, 65% were resistant to penicillin at a high level. The overall mortality was 17%. On multivariate analysis, high-level penicillin resistance, older age, severe disease, multilobar infiltrates and/or effusion(s) on chest roentgenogram, and Hispanic ethnicity were independent predictors of mortality in pneumococcal bacteremia. In HIV-infected patients, a CD4 cell count below the median just missed statistical significance. This is the first report demonstrating penicillin resistance as an independent predictor of mortality among patients with pneumococcal bacteremia.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.