Journal Article

Vancomycin-Resistant and Vancomycin-Susceptible Enterococcal Bacteremia: Comparison of Clinical Features and Outcomes

Gregory M. Lucas, Noah Lechtzin, D. Wonder Puryear, Linda L. Yau, Charles W. Flexner and Richard D. Moore

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 26, issue 5, pages 1127-1133
Published in print May 1998 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online May 1998 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/520311
Vancomycin-Resistant and Vancomycin-Susceptible Enterococcal Bacteremia: Comparison of Clinical Features and Outcomes

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) is a major nosocomial pathogen. We collected clinical and laboratory data on 93 hospitalized adults with VRE bacteremia and 101 adults with vancomycinsusceptible enterococcal (VSE) bacteremia. Risk factors for VRE bacteremia included central venous catheterization, hyperalimentation, and prolonged hospitalization prior to the initial blood culture. VRE-infected patients were less likely to have undergone recent surgery or have polymicrobial bacteremia, suggesting a pathogenesis distinct from traditional VSE bacteremia. Prior exposure to metronidazole was the only significant pharmacologic risk factor for VRE bacteremia. Animal studies suggest metronidazole potentiates enterococcal overgrowth in the gastrointestinal tract and translocation into the bloodstream. An increasing APACHE II score was the major risk factor for death in a multivariate analysis, with VRE status being of only borderline significance.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.