Journal Article

The Use of Transient Elastometry for Assessing Liver Fibrosis in Patients with HIV and Hepatitis C Virus Coinfection

Salvador Vergara, Juan Macías, Antonio Rivero, Alicia Gutiérrez-Valencia, Mercedes González-Serrano, Dolores Merino, M. José Ríos, José Angel García-García, Angela Camacho, Luis López-Cortés, Josefa Ruiz, Julián de la Torre, Pompeyo Viciana and Juan A. Pineda

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 45, issue 8, pages 969-974
Published in print October 2007 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online October 2007 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/521857
The Use of Transient Elastometry for Assessing Liver Fibrosis in Patients with HIV and Hepatitis C Virus Coinfection

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Background. Transient elastometry (TE) is accurate for detecting significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV)–monoinfected patients. However, this procedure has been insufficiently validated in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HCV coinfection. The purpose of this study was to validate reported cutoff values of TE that discriminate significant liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in HIV-HCV–coinfected subjects.

Methods. Liver stiffness measurements were obtained for 169 HIV-HCV–coinfected adult patients who had undergone a liver biopsy or who had received a nonhistologic diagnosis of cirrhosis within 12 months before or after a liver stiffness measurement. Patients had received no prior therapy for HCV infection.

Results. TE measurements ranged from 3.6 kPa to 75 kPa. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.87 (95% confidence interval, 0.84–0.93) for significant liver fibrosis and 0.95 (95% confidence interval, 0.92–0.99) for cirrhosis. To diagnose significant liver fibrosis, a cutoff value of 7.2 kPa was associated with a positive predictive value of 88% and a negative predictive value of 75%. Thirty-four patients (20%) were misclassified when this cutoff value was used. Thirteen (24%) of 54 patients with liver stiffness values <7.2 kPa had significant liver fibrosis detected by liver biopsy. To diagnose cirrhosis, a cutoff value of 14.6 kPa was associated with a positive predictive value of 86% and a negative predictive value of 94%. Thus, 13 patients (10%) had disease that was misclassified using this cutoff value.

Conclusions. We found that the diagnostic accuracy of TE was high for detecting cirrhosis and good for diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis. However, the performance of TE was low for discriminating mild fibrosis from significant liver fibrosis, which might limit the applicability of this technique in clinical practice.

Journal Article.  3944 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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