Journal Article

Quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction for Evaluating DNAemia due to Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr Virus, and BK Virus in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients

Thomas F. Smith, Mark J. Espy, Jayawant Mandrekar, Mary F. Jones, Franklin R. Cockerill and Robin Patel

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 45, issue 8, pages 1056-1061
Published in print October 2007 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online October 2007 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/521909
Quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction for Evaluating DNAemia due to Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr Virus, and BK Virus in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients

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Testing for cytomegalovirus-, Epstein-Barr virus–, and BK virus–specific gene targets in specimens from solid-organ transplant recipients for DNA by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction has been implemented in many diagnostic facilities. This technology provides rapid, accurate, and reproducible results for early detection, monitoring, and medical management of patients with these infections. Because these assays are becoming commonly used in clinical practice, the technical variables associated with specimen processing (e.g., nucleic acid extraction, gene target, and result reporting), amplification, and unique patient characteristics (e.g., age, sex, underlying diseases, immune status, and immunosuppressive regimens received) are factors that may influence the understanding and interpretation of test results. We emphasize the need for standardization of existing variables through parallel comparative and proficiency testing, uniform units for expressing results, to provide for clinical correlation with the results of these molecular assays.

Journal Article.  4141 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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