Journal Article

Nationwide Increase in the Number of Hospitalizations for Illicit Injection Drug Use-Related Infective Endocarditis

Hannah L. F. Cooper, Joanne E. Brady, Daniel Ciccarone, Barbara Tempalski, Karla Gostnell and Samuel R. Friedman

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 45, issue 9, pages 1200-1203
Published in print November 2007 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online November 2007 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/522176
Nationwide Increase in the Number of Hospitalizations for Illicit Injection Drug Use-Related Infective Endocarditis

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Infective endocarditis is a potentially fatal consequence of illicit injection drug use. We estimate that the number of hospitalization for injection drug use-related infective endocarditis increased by 38%–66% in the United States between 2000–2001 and 2002–2003, a period during which the number of at-risk persons (i.e., injection drug users) remained stable. Increasing methamphetamine use and/or drug injection frequency may have increased the incidence of infective endocarditis among active injection drug users.

Journal Article.  2235 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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