Journal Article

Evidence-Based Efforts to Prevent HIV Infection: An Overview of Current Status and Future Challenges

David Holtgrave

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 45, issue Supplement_4, pages S293-S299
Published in print December 2007 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online December 2007 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/522553
Evidence-Based Efforts to Prevent HIV Infection: An Overview of Current Status and Future Challenges

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Since the early 1990s, the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States has been ∼40,000 cases per year. Because this rate has not decreased substantially in >15 years, the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of programs to prevent HIV infection have come under intensifying examination. In this article, several issues are addressed, including the efficacy of HIV prevention strategies at the national level in the United States, the status of the goals from the current (albeit expired) national HIV prevention plan, the role of opt-out HIV testing in a new comprehensive national HIV prevention plan, and a review of evidence-based prevention strategies that should be emphasized in a new plan.

Journal Article.  3286 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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