Journal Article

Increasing Antibiotic Resistance among Methicillin-Resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> Strains

George Sakoulas and Robert C. Moellering

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 46, issue Supplement_5, pages S360-S367
Published in print June 2008 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online June 2008 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/533592
Increasing Antibiotic Resistance among Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains

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Vancomycin use has increased dramatically worldwide since the mid-1980s, largely as a result of empirical and directed therapy against burgeoning methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. With limited choices, clinicians have traditionally relied on vancomycin alone in the management of serious MRSA infections and have enjoyed a significant period free of vancomycin resistance in S. aureus. Even now, 5 decades after its introduction, vancomycin resistance among S. aureus strains, as currently defined microbiologically, remains rare. Yet it is becoming clear that vancomycin is losing potency against S. aureus, including MRSA. Serious infections due to MRSA defined as susceptible in the laboratory are not responding well to vancomycin. This is demonstrated by increased mortality seen in patients with MRSA infection and markedly attenuated vancomycin efficacy caused by vancomycin heteroresistance in S. aureus. Therefore, it appears that our definition of vancomycin susceptibility requires further scrutiny as applied to serious MRSA infections, such as bacteremia and pneumonia.

Journal Article.  5199 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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