Journal Article

Comparison of Polymerase Chain Reaction of Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes and Plasma Identifies Patients Who Control Cytomegalovirus Infection after Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

Marcy L. Vana, Danuse Formankova, Steven Cha, Anjali Sharma, Luciano Potena, Janice M. Y. Brown and Edward S. Mocarski

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 47, issue 4, pages 535-539
Published in print August 2008 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 2008 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/590151
Comparison of Polymerase Chain Reaction of Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes and Plasma Identifies Patients Who Control Cytomegalovirus Infection after Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

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By use of an automated polymerase chain reaction test of plasma and a qualitative polymerase chain reaction assay on polymorphonuclear leukocytes, we identified a subgroup of hematopoietic cell transplant recipients who were able to control cytomegalovirus infection early after hematopoietic cell transplantation without antiviral therapy. Thirty-one percent of patients had cytomegalovirus DNA detected by qualitative polymerase chain reaction assay but had no cytomegalovirus DNA detected by the automated test; this group maintained a lower peak cytomegalovirus load, compared with the group of patients who had cytomegalovirus DNA detected by both tests (P=.03), suggesting a greater degree of functional immune reconstitution.

Journal Article.  2990 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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