Journal Article

HIV Transmission Risk Behaviors among HIV-Infected Persons Who Are Successfully Linked to Care

Lisa R. Metsch, Margaret Pereyra, Shari Messinger, Carlos del Rio, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Pamela Anderson-Mahoney, Ellen Rudy, Gary Marks and Lytt Gardner

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 47, issue 4, pages 577-584
Published in print August 2008 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 2008 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/590153
HIV Transmission Risk Behaviors among HIV-Infected Persons Who Are Successfully Linked to Care

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Objectives. We examined the relationship between receipt of medical care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and HIV transmission risk behavior among persons who had received a recent diagnosis of HIV infection.

Methods. We enrolled 316 participants from 4 US cities and prospectively followed up participants for 1 year. Generalized estimating equations were used to examine whether having at least 3 medical care visits in a 6-month period was associated with unprotected vaginal or anal intercourse with an HIV-negative partner or partner with unknown HIV status.

Results. A total of 27.5% of the participants (84 of 305) self-reported having unprotected sex with an HIV-negative or unknown status partner at enrollment, decreasing to 12% (31 of 258) and 14.2% (36 of 254) at 6-month and 12-month follow-ups, respectively. At follow-up, people who had received medical care for HIV infection at least 3 times had reduced odds of engaging in risk behavior, compared with those with fewer visits. Other factors associated with reduced risk behavior were being >30 years of age, male sex, not having depressive symptoms, and not using crack cocaine.

Conclusions. Being in HIV care is associated with a reduced prevalence of sexual risk behavior among persons living with HIV infection. Persons linked to care can benefit from prevention services available in primary care settings.

Journal Article.  4606 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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